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HTML5 Programming Book | CSS3 Programming Book | Murach Books

Murach’s HTML5 and CSS3 (4th Edition)

by Zak Ruvalcaba and Anne Boehm
20 chapters, 711 pages, 297 illustrations
Published March 2018
ISBN 978-1-943872-26-8
List price: $59.50

This 4th edition of our best-selling book integrates all of the HTML and CSS skills that are needed on the job with the proven instructional approach that made the first three editions of this book so popular. And now, this new edition includes chapters on Flexible Box and Grid Layout, which are the latest approaches to Responsive Web Design.

For this edition, we also provide a lab manual in Print or eBook format that provides all of the student activities for this book. Your students can also purchase both the text and Lab Manual in eBook format as part of a VitalSource eBook and eManual bundle.

Latest Edition

HTML and CSS (5th Edition)
Published December 2021

I love the Murach HTML5 book—and a couple of my colleagues have heard good things through the grapevine and stopped by to ask which book I was using, so you might just pick up a couple more adoptees. I'm very happy with it and am planning to use it as my primary text for the foreseeable future.”

Shelly Hokanson, Assistant Professor
School of Media Arts and Design
James Madison University

  • About this Book
  • Table of Contents
  • Courseware
  • FAQs
  • Corrections

What this book does

Section 1: The essential concepts and skills

In the 8 chapters of this section, your students will learn how to use HTML to mark up the content of web pages and CSS to present that content. In fact, by the end of section 1, your students will be able to develop web pages the way today’s best professionals do.

That means they will be using the HTML5 semantic elements to mark up the structure of a page. They will be using float and the CSS box model. And they will be using a professional subset of HTML5 and CSS3 that consists of the most-used HTML elements, CSS selectors, and CSS properties.

The last chapter in this section shows your students how to use Responsive Web Design so their pages will work on all screens, from mobile devices to computers. This, of course, is an essential skill for all web developers. That’s why it’s in the first section of the book.

From this point on, the sections and chapters are written as independent modules, so you can assign them in whatever sequence you prefer.

Section 2: Page layout and Responsive Web Design

The two chapters in this section show how to use the latest CSS3 modules for responsive page layout: Flexible Box and Grid Layout. These modules let you build modern page layouts without using floating. That’s why knowing how to use both of them has become an essential skill on the job.

Section 3: The other HTML and CSS skills

Section 3 expands on section 1 by presenting the other HTML and CSS skills that professional developers need. That includes:

  • How to work with images, which were introduced in section 1, including icons, rollovers, and image maps
  • When and how to use tables, including how to make tables responsive
  • How to work with forms and the HTML5 validation features
  • How to add audio and video to web pages by using HTML5 to work with the players that are built into all modern browsers
  • How to use embedded fonts so all browsers will have access to them
  • How to format web pages for printing
  • How to use the CSS3 features for transitions, animations, transforms, and filters

Section 4: Design and deployment

Section 4 consists of two chapters. Chapter 17 presents today’s best practices for designing a website. And chapter 18 shows not only how to deploy a site on a web server, but also how to get the site indexed on the major search engines and directories. Because of the modular structure of this book, you can assign these chapters any time after section 1.

Section 5: Other skills for professional web developers

Chapter 19 in this section shows how to add JavaScript and jQuery features to web pages...without knowing how to code JavaScript and jQuery. That will answer some of the questions your students are likely to have about the common features that they see on websites, like image swaps and slide shows.

This section (and book) ends with chapter 20, which introduces some of the third-party development tools that professional developers Emmet, SASS, Bootstrap, GitHub, and Node.js. That will give your students some useful perspective on what they’re likely to encounter on the job.

What's new in this book

Most important are the two new chapters that show how to use Flexible Box and Grid Layout for page layout and Responsive Web Design. These have become essential skills on the job.

In addition, there’s the new chapter on third-party development tools that are popular today. This provides a nice perspective on what can be expected in the real world.

And although you can use any text editor you choose, this book now uses Brackets (instead of Aptana). So chapter 2 provides a short tutorial on Brackets.

Beyond that, every chapter in the book has been improved, enhanced, and upgraded. That’s why this book works even better than the previous edition.

What’s new in the instructor’s materials: Enhancements + New Lab Manual

  • We enhanced the test banks so there are more questions for each chapter, and we converted all of the completion questions to multiple-choice.
  • We developed a new Health case study that you can use as an alternative to the Halloween case study.
  • We offer a Lab Manual that provides all the student activities in a single manual as well as a VitalSource eBook+eManual bundle.

Book features

Like all of our books, this one has our standard features, like paired pages, logical content organization, real-world examples, modular design, exercises that solidify your students’ skills, and much more. Here, though, are features that are specific to this book.

HTML and CSS are always related

In a modern website, HTML is used to define the structure and content for the site, and CSS is used to format the content. In other words, they always work together, and that’s the way our book teaches them...from the first chapter to the last.

In contrast, some books start by first presenting a complete subset of HTML and then presenting a subset of CSS. But that means that the students don’t see the relationships between HTML and CSS until later in the book. Worse, some books have a section on HTML and a separate section on CSS. That may work okay for reference, but it doesn’t work didactically.

HTML and CSS are presented before web design

Many HTML and CSS books present web design before the students understand how a website is implemented with HTML and CSS. We think that’s a mistake.

As a result, our book first shows how to build pages with HTML and CSS. Then, after the students understand how websites are implemented, they are ready to learn the principles of web design, which can be taught any time after section 1.

Responsive Web Design is emphasized

Chapter 8 in this book shows how to build responsive web pages with fluid layout, scalable images, and media queries. It also shows how to use a jQuery plugin called SlickNav to convert the menus for a page to a form that works on mobile devices. Then, chapters 9 and 10 present the two latest CSS modules for page layout and Responsive Web Design. In short, your students learn all the skills that they need for building responsive websites at a professional level.

Accessibility and SEO guidelines are integrated

User accessibility and search engine optimization are presented in chapter 1. After that, guidelines for accessibility and SEO are presented whenever they are relevant. For instance, when the <a> element is presented, the related accessibility and SEO guidelines are presented too.

The continuing application is real world

Like other books, our book has dozens of examples that show how HTML and CSS are used in a variety of contexts. Beyond that, though, our book presents a real-world application that is progressively enhanced from one chapter to the next. In fact, this application is a simplified version of a site that we developed for a local nonprofit that brings six speakers each year to its Town Hall meetings.

What courses this book can be used for

This book is currently used by colleges and universities around the world for a variety of course titles. In general, though, these course titles fall into two categories:

A complete HTML course

If you teach an HTML and CSS course, regardless of whether it’s a one- or two-term course, this book is for you. It presents all of the HTML and CSS skills at a professional level. It shows how to design and deploy websites, It presents additional perspective on JavaScript and jQuery and third-party development tools. After the first section, it lets you put together any chapters you want in any sequence you want, to fit the course structure. And even if you aren’t able to cover all of the content, your students will have the book to answer questions and learn new features on their own (yes, many students actually keep our books!).

Web design with HTML and CSS

Because of its modular design, this book also works for an introductory course that puts more emphasis on web design and less on HTML and CSS. In that case, you can teach section 1, select the remaining chapters that you want to include, and skip the other chapters. Then, your students can use the rest of the book in an advanced course or as a reference for their own work.

What software your students need

A text editor

Although your students can use a text editor as simple as Notepad to code HTML and CSS, we think that a text editor that includes syntax coloring, auto-completion, and error-marking will help your students build web pages more quickly and with fewer errors. That in turn means that they will learn faster.

That’s why our book recommends Brackets as the text editor. This editor was developed by Adobe; it’s available for free; it can be used for entering HTML and CSS (and JavaScript, too); and it runs on both Windows and Mac OS systems. To make it easy for your students to adjust to this editor, the appendix in our book shows how to download and install the software, and chapter 2 gives a tutorial on using it.

Of course, your students can use whichever editor or IDE you want with this book. If you don’t have a favorite, though, Brackets has some excellent features.

The Chrome browser

To run and test web applications, your students should use at least two browsers. Since Internet Explorer, Edge, and Safari are installed automatically on Windows or Mac OS devices, your students already have one browser. Then, for the second browser, your students should install Chrome because it’s the most popular browser and because this book shows how to use some of its developer tools. That’s why the appendix in this book shows how to download and install Chrome.

Related book for JavaScript courses

Murach’s JavaScript and jQuery (4th Edition)

This book integrates the teaching of JavaScript and jQuery because that’s the way JavaScript is used in websites today. So your students will get that practical perspective right from the start. Beyond that, this book uses a didactic approach that works for students with no programming background as well as for students who have already taken a programming course. So if you teach a JavaScript course right after your HTML and CSS course, please take a hard look at our book.

What instructors and students say about this book

“The HTML5/CSS3 book was an instant hit. I asked a student to evaluate it for me, and now I cannot get it back!”
- James Gonzalez, Multimedia Studies Instructor, College of Marin

Murach's HTML5 and CSS3 is still getting rave reviews from my students.”
- Al Cutting, Professor, Rhode Island

“My students have really enjoyed the HTML5 book. My thoughts are Murach books are uniquely geared towards two-year colleges. We need books that cut to the chase and hit the ground running. Thanks for providing affordable and quality books.”
- René Bylander, Instructor, IT Web & Software Developer Program, Wisconsin Indianhead Technical College

Murach's HTML5 and CSS3 is the only worthwhile book I have seen in this category.”
- Andrew McConnell, Emeritus Professor, Napa Valley College

“I think others should know the value of your HTML5 book. It has made a great impact on my teaching and my students’ learning.”
- C. Michael Sturgeon, PhD, Faculty Coordinator of Instructional Technology, Tennessee

"Took a class and this was the required textbook. Finished with the class but I still use this book as reference material. There is so much here and it has helped me a great deal.”

View the table of contents for this book in a PDF: Table of Contents (PDF)

Click on any chapter title to display or hide its content.

Section 1 The essential concepts and skills

Chapter 1 Introduction to web development

How web applications work

The components of a web application

How static web pages are processed

How dynamic web pages are processed

A survey of web browsers and server-side scripting languages

How client-side JavaScript fits into web development

An introduction to HTML and CSS

The HTML for a web page

The CSS for a web page

A short history of the HTML and CSS standards

Tools for web development

Text editors for HTML and CSS

IDEs for web development

FTP programs for uploading files to the web server

How to view deployed web pages

How to view a web page

How to view the source code for a web page

Five critical web development issues

Users and usability

Cross-browser compatibility

User accessibility

Search engine optimization

Responsive Web Design

Chapter 2 How to code, test, and validate a web page

The HTML syntax

The basic structure of an HTML document

How to code elements and tags

How to code attributes

How to code comments and whitespace

The CSS syntax

How to code CSS style rules and comments

How to code basic selectors

How to use Brackets to work with HTML and CSS files

How to open and close the folder for a website

How to open, close, and display files

How to start a new HTML file

How to edit an HTML file

How to start and edit a CSS file

How to use split view and the Quick Edit feature

How to preview an HTML file

How to test, debug, and validate HTML and CSS files

How to test and debug a web page

How to validate an HTML file

How to validate a CSS file

Chapter 3 How to use HTML to structure a web page

How to code the head section

How to code the title element

How to link to a favicon

How to include metadata

How to code text elements

How to code headings and paragraphs

How to code special blocks of text

How to code inline elements for formatting and identifying text

How to code character entities

How to code the core attributes

How to structure the content of a page

How to use the primary HTML5 semantic elements

How to use some of the other HTML5 semantic elements

When and how to code div and span elements

How to code links, lists, and images

How to code absolute and relative URLs

How to code links

How to code lists

How to include images

A structured web page

The page layout

The HTML file

Chapter 4 How to use CSS to format the elements of a web page

An introduction to CSS

Three ways to provide CSS styles for a web page

Two ways to provide for browser compatibility

How to specify measurements and colors

How to specify measurements

How to specify colors

How to use the CSS3 color specifications

How to code selectors

How to code selectors for all elements, element types, ids, and classes

How to code relational selectors

How to code combinations of selectors

How to code attribute selectors

How to code pseudo-class and pseudo-element selectors

How to work with Cascading Style Sheets

How the cascade rules work

How to use the developer tools to inspect the styles that have been applied

How to work with text

How to set the font family and font size

How to set the other properties for styling fonts

How to set properties for formatting text

How to use CSS3 to add shadows to text

How to float an image so text flows around it

A web page that uses external style sheets

The page layout

The HTML file

The CSS file

Chapter 5 How to use the CSS box model for spacing, borders, and backgrounds

An introduction to the box model

How the box model works

A web page that illustrates the box model

How to size and space elements

How to set heights and widths

How to set margins

How to set padding

A web page that illustrates sizing and spacing

The HTML for the web page

The CSS for the web page

A version of the CSS that uses a reset selector

How to set borders and backgrounds

How to set borders

How to use CSS3 to add rounded corners and shadows to borders

How to set background colors and images

How to use CSS3 to set background gradients

A web page that uses borders and backgrounds

The HTML for the web page

The CSS for the web page

Chapter 6 How to use CSS for page layout

How to float elements in 2- and 3-column layouts

How to float and clear elements

How to use floating in a 2-column, fixed-width layout

How to use floating in a 2-column, fluid layout

How to use floating in a 3-column, fixed-width layout

Two web pages that use a 2-column, fixed-width layout

The home page

The HTML for the home page

The CSS for the home page

The speaker page

The HTML for the speaker page

The CSS for the speaker page

How to use CSS3 to create text columns

The CSS3 properties for creating text columns

A 2-column web page with a 2-column article

How to position elements

Four ways to position an element

How to use absolute positioning

How to use fixed positioning

A sidebar that uses positioning

Chapter 7 How to work with lists, links, and navigation menus

How to code lists

How to code unordered lists

How to code ordered lists

How to code nested lists

How to code description lists

How to format lists

How to change the bullets for an unordered list

How to change the numbering system for an ordered list

How to change the alignment of list items

How to code links

How to link to another page

How to format links

How to use a link to open a new browser window or tab

How to create and link to placeholders

How to link to a media file

How to create email, phone, and Skype links

How to create navigation menus

How to create a vertical navigation menu

How to create a horizontal navigation menu

How to create a 2-tier navigation menu

How to create a 3-tier navigation menu

The CSS for a 3-tier navigation menu

Chapter 8 How to use Responsive Web Design

Introduction to Responsive Web Design

The three components of a responsive design

How to test a responsive design

How to implement a fluid design

Fluid layouts vs. fixed layouts

How to convert fixed widths to fluid widths

How to use other units of measure with responsive design

How to size fonts

How to scale images

A web page with a fluid design

How to use CSS3 media queries

How to control the mobile viewport

How to code media queries

Common media queries for a responsive design

How to build responsive menus with the SlickNav plugin

A web page that uses Responsive Web Design

The design of the web page

The HTML for the web page

The CSS for the web page

Section 2 Page layout and Responsive Web Design

Chapter 9 How to use Flexible Box Layout for page layout and RWD

Getting started with Flexible Box Layout

An introduction to flexbox

How to create your first flexible box

How to set flexbox properties

How to align flex items along the main axis

How to align flex items along the cross axis

How to wrap and align wrapped flex items

How to allocate space to flex items

How to change the order of flex items

A responsive web page that uses flexbox

The design of the web page

The HTML for the main structural elements

The CSS for desktop layout

The CSS for mobile layouts

Chapter 10 How to use Grid Layout for page layout and RWD

Getting started with Grid Layout

An introduction to Grid Layout

How to create a basic grid

How to set the size of grid tracks

How to align grid items and grid tracks

How to define the grid areas for elements

How to use numbered lines

How to use named lines

How to use template areas

How to use the 12-column grid concept

A responsive web page that uses grid

The design of the web page

The HTML for the structural elements

CSS that uses template areas

CSS that uses a 12-column grid

Common page layouts that use grid

The headline and gallery layout

The fixed sidebar layout

The advanced grid layout

Section 3 More HTML and CSS skills as you need them

Chapter 11 How to work with images and icons

Basic skills for working with images

Types of images for the Web

How to include an image on a page

How to resize an image

How to align an image vertically

How to float an image

Advanced skills for working with images

How to use the HTML5 figure and figcaption elements

How to use the picture element

How to do image rollovers

How to create image maps

Related skills for working with images

When to use an image editor

How to get images

How to get and work with icons

How to create favicons

How to work with Scalable Vector Graphics

Chapter 12 How to work with tables

Basic HTML skills for coding tables

An introduction to tables

How to create a table

How to add a header and footer

Basic CSS skills for formatting tables

How to use CSS properties to format a table

How to use the CSS3 structural pseudo-classes for formatting tables

Other skills for working with tables

How to use the HTML5 figure and figcaption elements with tables

How to merge cells in a column or row

How to provide for accessibility

How to nest tables

How to control wrapping

How to make a table responsive

Chapter 13 How to work with forms

How to use forms and controls

How to create a form

How to use buttons

How to use text fields

How to use radio buttons and check boxes

How to use drop-down lists

How to use list boxes

How to use text areas

How to use labels

How to group controls with fieldset and legend elements

How to use a file upload control

Other skills for working with forms

How to align controls

How to format controls

How to set the tab order and assign access keys

How to use the HTML5 features for data validation

The HTML5 attributes and CSS3 selectors for data validation

How to use regular expressions for data validation

How to use a datalist to present entry options

How to use the HTML5 controls

How to use the email, url, and tel controls

How to use the number and range controls

How to use the date and time controls

How to use the search control for a search function

How to use the color control

How to use the output element to display output data

How to use the progress and meter elements to display output data

A web page that uses HTML5 data validation

The page layout



Chapter 14 How to add audio and video to your website

An introduction to media on the web

Common media types for video and audio

Video codecs

Audio codecs

Audio and video support in current browsers

How to encode media

How to add audio and video to a web page

How to use the object and param elements

How to use the embed element

How to use the HTML5 video and audio elements

A web page that offers both audio and video

The page layout


Chapter 15 How to work with fonts and printing

How to embed fonts in a web page

How to use the CSS3 @font-face selector to embed fonts

How to use Google Web Fonts

How to use Adobe Edge Web Fonts

The skills for formatting printed web pages

How to define the style sheets and style rules for printed pages

Recommendations for print formatting

CSS properties for printed pages

A two-column web page with print formatting

The web page

The links to the style sheets

The printed page

The CSS for the print style sheet

Chapter 16 How to use CSS3 transitions, transforms, animations, and filters

How to use CSS3 transitions

How to code transitions

How to create an accordion using transitions

How to use CSS3 transforms

How to code 2D transforms

A gallery of images with 2D transforms

How to use CSS3 animations

How to code simple animations

How to set the keyframes for a slide show

How to use CSS3 filters

How to code filters

The ten filter methods applied to the same image

Section 4 Web design and deployment

Chapter 17 How to design a website

Users and usability

What web users want is usability

The current conventions for usability

Design guidelines

Think mobile from the start

Use the home page to sell the site

Let the users know where they are

Make the best use of web page space

Divide long pages into shorter chunks

Know the principles of graphics design

Write for the web

How to design a website

The lifecycle of a website

Step 1: Define the audience and set the goals

Step 2: Develop the site map

Step 3: Wireframe the critical pages

Step 4: Illustrate the critical pages

Other design considerations

Development teams

Top-down design and prototyping

Chapter 18 How to deploy a website on a web server

How to get a web host and domain name

How to find a web host

How to get a domain name

How to transfer files to and from the web

How to install FileZilla Client

How to connect to a website on a remote web server

How to upload and download files

Four more skills for deploying a website

How to test a website that has been uploaded to the web server

How to get your website into search engines

How to control which pages are indexed and visited

How to maintain a healthy website

Section 5 Other skills for professional web developers

Chapter 19 How Javascript and jQuery are used to enhance web pages

Introduction to JavaScript

How JavaScript works

Three ways to include JavaScript in a web page

How DOM scripting works

Methods and properties for DOM scripting

How JavaScript handles events

The Email List application in JavaScript


The JavaScript

Introduction to jQuery

How to include jQuery in your web pages

How to code jQuery selectors, methods, and event methods

The Email List application in jQuery


The jQuery

How to use JavaScript and jQuery as a non-programmer

The Image Swap application

A Slide Show application

Three sources for tested JavaScript and jQuery

Chapter 20 When and how to use third-party development tools

Introduction to third-party web development tools

Some of the most useful tools

How these tools can make you more productive

How to use Emmet, Git, and GitHub

How to use Emmet

How to use Git and Github

How to use Sass

How to use Sass to nest style rules

How to use Sass variables and mixins

How to use Bootstrap

How to configure Bootstrap

How to use the Bootstrap grid system

How to use Bootstrap components

How to use Node.js

Node.js for server-side development

The Node Package Manager

How to use Gulp.js

How to install Gulp.js and Gulp.js plugins

How to create and run Gulp.js tasks


Appendix A How to set up your computer for this book

How to install Brackets

On a Windows system

On a Mac OS system

How to install Chrome

How to install and use the source code for this book

For Windows users

For Mac OS users

Besides the end-of chapter activities in the book and the student download from our website, here’s a description of what we offer. In brief, we provide all of the activities that other publishers provide...but without the busywork.

The instructor’s materials

For a complete description of all of the instructor’s materials for this book, please read the Instructor’s Summary. Otherwise, here’s a quick summary:

  • Instructional objectives by chapter
  • PowerPoint slides for classroom presentations
  • Test banks of multiple-choice questions
  • Two case studies that present chapter-by-chapter exercises, plus their solutions
  • Short exercises that can be used for added practice, quizzes, or tests, plus their solutions
  • Generic projects that offer minimal guidance as they have your students design and develop small websites of their own

The Lab Manual

  • The Lab Manual for this book presents all of the student activities in a single Print or eBook manual. That includes course objectives, chapter summaries, term lists, exercises, case studies, and projects.
  • This Lab Manual insures that your students will have everything they need for the course, with the exception of the starting code that you’ll supply from the instructor’s materials. And it makes it easier for you to assign case studies and projects.
  • This Lab Manual is available as a separate Print or eBook manual and also in a VitalSource bundle that consists of the eBook + Lab Manual.
  • The instructor’s materials include a PDF version of the lab materials for the first 6 chapters of the book. If you like what you see there, you can request the complete manual by going to our Lab Manual or bundle page.

To view the "Frequently Asked Questions" for this book in a PDF, just click on this link: View the questions

Then, if you have any questions that aren't answered here, please email us. Thanks!

To view the corrections for this book in a PDF, just click on this link: View the corrections

Then, if you find any other errors, please email us so we can correct them in the next printing of the book. Thank you!

Murach college books and courseware since 1974